The Nobel Prize in Physics 2009 was divided, one half awarded to Charles Kuen Kao "for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication", the other half jointly to Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor".
ENGINEERING: As a light-gathering pixel exceeds its capacity to hold captured photons, the excess energy spills over into the adjacent pixel (or pixels, if the second pixel also fills to its capacity). This spillover, called “blooming,” produces a spike of light on every bright star in the image. https://www.astronomics.com/blooming_t.aspx
VideoSecu CCTV Home Video Smoke Detector Covert Spy Security Camera Color CCD Wide Angle Lens 420TVL for DVR Surveillance System with Preamp Audio Microphone, Power Supply and Extension Cable CHC by VideoSecu. $63.99. This color CCD video camera, looking like standard smoke detectors, in a Non-Working Smoke Detector Housing. It employs a CCD (charge coupled device) solid-state imaging device which provides high quality and high reliability. It has 420 lines Hi Resolution...
The new Corning Epic BT is the industry’s first optically based, single mode benchtop label-free detection system for cell based and biochemical assays. Corning’s Epic BT System is a feature packed device with simple easy to use data collection software and it uses a charge coupled device (CCD) to detect wavelength shift for analyzing whole microplates. http://www.labcritics.com/2013/07/05/corning-introduces-epic-bt-label-free-detection-system/