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Customers outside a pub in Walworth, London, raising their glasses to celebrate cheaper beer. In his budget the previous day, Neville Chamberlain Chancellor of the Exchequer, lowered the price of beer by a penny a pint. 1933.

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President of the Board of Trade Winston Churchill (L) with Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George (R) - London - 1909

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Oliver Cromwell , Protector of England who led his 'Ironsides' in the English Civil War against the 'Roundheads' of King Charles I. Cromwell's victories enabled him to have the King tried and beheaded, after which he established a republic .Born on this day 25th April, 1599

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Hagley Hall, Hagley, Worcestershire - Last of the great Palladian houses. It remains largely the creation of one man, George, 1st Lord Lyttelton (1709-73), secretary to Frederick, Prince of Wales, poet & man of letters & briefly Chancellor of the Exchequer. Before the death of his father in 1751, he began to landscape the grounds in the new 'picturesque' style, & between 1754 & 1760 it was he who was responsible for the building of the house as it is seen today.

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24 May 1862: Chancellor of the Exchequer, William Ewart Gladstone, and directors and engineers of the Metropolitan Railway Company, embark on an inspection tour of the world's first underground line. Built between Paddington and the City of London, it opened in January of the following year. Gladstone is seen in the front row, near right. Picture: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

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Designing Britain’s decimal coins began in 1961. Christopher Ironside worked tirelessly to produce designs fit for Britain’s national coinage. These are the original designs from 1963 but in 1966 Chancellor of the Exchequer James Callaghan stated that Britain’s new decimal coins would be designed through a new open competition. Ironside started again and produced the designs which went on to grace Britain's currency until 2008. The original half penny coin featured a Welsh dragon.

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Winston Churchill by John Singer Sargent

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70: James Callaghan 1912-2005 Dates in office: 1976-1979 Political party: Labour James Callaghan is the only 20th-century PM to have held all 4 major offices of state: Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister. Chancellor, Callaghan oversaw the devaluation of the pound in 67,. As Home Secretary saw the increase of sectarian violence in Northern Ireland that reached its highest point under the following Conservative administration of Ted Heath.

73: Baroness Margaret Thatcher 1925-2013 Dates in office Third term 1987-1990 Political party: Conservative: the 'Iron Lady', was the first female British Prime Minister and the longest serving PM for over 150 years. Challenges to her for the leadership failed to win, enough to make it evident that a crucial minority favoured a change. Thatcher was eventually persuaded to go. New leader Chancellor of the Exchequer, John Major.

Sir John Anderson, Clement Attlee, Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden photographed with HM King George VI in the grounds of Buckingham Palace. Anderson, born in Eskbank, Midlothian, studied in Edinburgh and Leipzig before entering politics by taking a job at the colonial office. Anderson was Home Secretary and Minister of Home Security between 1939 and 1940 and the Anderson air raid shelter was named after him. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1943, when he introduced the…

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