Maureen Dunlop de Popp, a female pilot who flew Spitfires, Lancasters and Hurricanes during the Second World War, has died aged 91. Dunlop joined the Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA) in 1942 and became one of a small group of female pilots based at White Waltham in Berkshire who were trained to fly 38 types of aircraft between factories and military airfields across the country.
July 1, 1916. The First Day of the Battle of the Somme. Despite the heavy loss of life and failure to achieve the expected breakthrough, Field Marshal Haig and General Rawlinson deemed the attack a success, so much that the offensive was to continue for a further four months, only ending with the onset of winter. - prisonersofeternity.co.uk
Thiepval Memorial – The Somme, France Strange today watching the Remembrance Ceremony at the Cenotaph, London that Commonwealth Countries which did not take part in World War I or II lay wreaths but the sacrifice of Irish soldiers is not represented. In World War I it is estimated of the 700,000 British military deaths 50,000 were Irish. Unlike in Britain, there was never conscription in Ireland so every Irish soldier was a volunteer.
Cupboard Shelter, December 1943. A day nursery in the East End of London shelters children in a linen cupboard during an air raid. Some homes had Morrison shelters – a steel table with wire mesh sides - where they took cover during raids whilst others put up Anderson shelters in their gardens. Regular practices were held and schoolchildren were drilled in the use of gas masks.