Map of the Byzantine Empire 1025 AD. At the death of the Emperor Basil II in 1025, Byzantium was at the apex of its medieval power. The ninth century had first seen Greece re-conquered and brought under regular Byzantine control. Then, the balance of power on the eastern frontier had slowly but decisively shifted in Byzantium's favour, with tables turned upon the declining Abbasid Caliphate and the Arab 'raiding emirates'. Finally, Basil himself had prevailed in brutal conflict with the…
The Crusades: 1096 to 1289 - was a vicious invasion by the Europeans into the Holy Lands. The Christian Crusaders treated the Muslims and Jews harshly during these years, killing and taking over the land - a forgotten piece of history
There were many trade links between Byzantium with Asia, the Middle East and northern Europe. This website gives a good overview of many parts of the trade going on. Egypt, Greece. Italy, Turkey, Albana, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Marocco.
In 1453, the Ottomans captured Constantinople and ended the Byzantine Empire. During the next two centuries, they brought their rule to much of the Middle East, North Africa, and southeastern Europe. Their navy dominated the eastern Mediterranean.