Rosa Parks (1913 - 2005) Rosa Parks was an African American civil rights activist who refused to obey a bus driver's order that she give up her sit for a white passenger. Through her brave civil disobedience actions, she became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement in the U.S.
While most people remember Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, they forget that the Montgomery Bus Boycott succeeded because of the participation of tens of thousands of ordinary people. These women and men risked their lives and jobs to keep the boycott alive. Many, like this woman, walked instead of riding the segregated buses.
Selma-Montgomery March: Martin Luther King leading march from Selma to Montgomery to protest lack of voting rights for African Americans. Beside King is US Congressman John Lewis, Reverend Jesse Douglas, James Forman and Ralph Abernathy. March 1965.
Rosa Parks Statue, Capitol's First Of African-American Woman, To Be Dedicated
Rosa Parks - (1913–2005) African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", & "mother of the freedom movement". In 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver's order to give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Her civil disobedience sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
In this 1955 picture, Rosa Parks is seen in her Montgomery county mugshot after being arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white passenger. The actions of Rosa Parks and the subsequent Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the Civil Rights Movement during the mid-20th century.