Buffalo Soldiers were members of an all-black regiment in the U.S. Army. The 10th Cavalry was formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth and was the regiment that the Native Americans first called "buffalo soldiers."
Cathay Williams - Became the first and the only known female Buffalo Soldier. Enlisting in the US Regular Army 1866 at St. Louis, Missouri for a three year engagement, passing herself off as a man. She is the first African American female to enlist, and the only documented to serve in the United States Army posing as a man under the pseudonym, William Cathay.
Private Cathay Williams was the only woman to serve in the U.S. Army as a Buffalo Soldier. On November 15, 1866 she enlisted in the Army as a man. Williams reversed her name William Cathay and lived as a male soldier and served until she was found out due to the last of many illnesses she suffered while serving. She is the only documented black woman known to have served in the Army during these times when enlisting women was prohibited.
Cathay Williams, first black female to enlist in the U.S. Army and only female Buffalo soldier . On Nov. 15, 1866, Cathay Williams enlisted in the Army using the name William Cathay. She informed her recruiting officer that she was a 22-year-old cook. He described her as 5' 9", with black eyes, black hair and black complexion. She was assigned to the 38th U.S. Infantry. No one discovered she was a female. Cathay Williams was born into slavery in Independence Missouri in 1842.
Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The nickname was given to the "Negro Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought; the term eventually became synonymous with all of the African-American regiments formed in 1866. "Buffalo Soldiers" were established by Congress as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army.
Lieutenant Colonel Charles Young. The first African American to attain the rank of Colonel in the United States Army and it's highest ranking African American until the day he died. A true Buffalo Soldier...
Oldest Buffalo Soldier dies at 111 By Washington Post reporter Joe Holley September 15, 2005 WASHINGTON -- Retired 1st Sgt. Mark Matthews, 111, one of the last of the nation's legendary Buffalo Soldiers, died of pneumonia Sept. 6 at Fox Chase Nursing Home in Washington. Sgt. Matthews, who also was the oldest Buffalo Soldier, was heir to a proud military heritage that originated with the black soldiers who fought in the Indian wars on the Western frontier.
Let's not forget the Buffalo Soliders: The nickname was acquired during the Indian Wars, but all-black units fought in several American wars until the armed forces were desegregated. Pictured here is the 10th Calvary.