O-mikuji or Sacred Lots 1910s, Japan. O-mikuji (おみくじ) is a form of divination that relies on random chance to predict the answer to a question. Traditionally, a small box with a slot in one end is shaken until a bamboo stick falls out. The stick has a number that corresponds to a slip of paper on which the fortune is revealed. Text and image via Blue Ruin 1 on Flickr
Library hidden in a cave: A unique repository of ancient manuscripts known as The Library Cave is a hidden cache of 50,000 books and rolls that were deemed heretical during the eleventh century. Dating from 500 - 1002 AD, the texts have a strong Buddhist focus and are written on silk, paper, and hemp. The books and rolls were placed in a walled-off area of a cave complex and they did not see the light of day for 900 years, until the entrance was discovered in 1900.
2000-YEAR-OLD TEXTS OF GHANDARA -- The oldest surviving Buddhist texts, preserved on long rolls of birch-tree bark, written in long extinct Gandhari are from Northwestern Pakistan. They provide insights into a literary tradition thought to have been irretrievably lost, and help researchers to reconstruct crucial phases in the development of Buddhism in India and confirm the vital role played by the Gandhara region in the spread of Buddhism into Central Asia and China.