Pablo Picasso's controversial "Guernica" is a political statement. This paintings illustrates an immediate reaction to the Nazi's casual bombing during the Spanish Civil War. This painting is an antiwar symbol, and a reminder of the tragedies. Guernica interpretations vary widely. There are also critics warn against trusting the political message.
Painted in 1937 by #Pablo #Picasso, Guernica was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces, on 26 April 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Arguably Picasso’s most famous painting, Guernica stands as a reminder of the tragedies of war, an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace. #art #activism
Luftwaffe 1 kg incendiary bomb dated 1936/ To meet these objectives, two Heinkel He 111s, one Dornier Do 17, eighteen Ju 52 Behelfsbomber, and three Italian SM.79s (Corpo Truppe Volontarie) were assigned for the mission. These were armed with medium high explosive bombs (250 kg), light explosive bombs (50 kg) and incendiaries (1 kg). The ordnance load for the twenty four bombers was twenty-two tons in total.
The number of victims of the attack is still disputed; the Basque government reported 1,654 people killed, although modern figures suggest between 126 (later revised by the authors of the study to 153 and 400 civilians died. Russian archives reveal 800 deaths on 1 May 1937, but this number may not include victims who later died of their injuries in hospitals or whose bodies were discovered buried in the rubble. The bombing was the subject of a famous anti-war painting by Pablo Picasso.