On June 27th, 1709 one of the famous events in the World History took place - The Battle of Poltava. Russian military headed by Peter The Great won a brilliant victory over the Swedish army headed by Karl the XII. The Battle of Poltava is an unfading example of the feat of arms, courage and valour of the people for their independence. The victory at the Battle of Poltava saved the Ukrainian and Byelorussian peoples from enslavement, strengthened their friendship with the Russian people.
The Battle of Poltava is widely believed to have been the beginning of Sweden's decline as a Great Power, as the tsardom of Russia took their place as the leading nation of north-eastern Europe. The battle also bears some importance in Ukrainian national history: indeed, hetman Ivan Mazepa sided with the Swedes, as he sought to create an uprising in Ukraine, against the tsardom.
Peter the Great - Following several defeats, the Polish King August II abdicated in 1706. Swedish king Charles XII turned his attention to Russia, invading it in 1708. After crossing into Russia, Charles defeated Peter at Golovchin in July. In the Battle of Lesnaya, Charles suffered his first loss after Peter crushed a group of Swedish reinforcements marching from Riga. Deprived of this aid, Charles was forced to abandon his proposed march on Moscow
File:King's colour Karl XII.jpg-"The Battle of Poltava." Personal standard of Charles XII, captured during the Battle of Poltava (Peter and Paul Fortress, the Commandant's House, the exhibition "History of St. Petersburg - Petrograd. 1703-1918")