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http://historyguy.com/Barbary_Wars.html The burning of the Frigate USS Philadelphia in Tripoli Harbor during the Barbary Wars.

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from About.com Education

How Jefferson Fought the Barbary Pirates

The Barbary Wars... Credit to be given to then Sec of State, James Madison (& future US Pres) for sending military to defeat, what was essentially piracy. Tripoli was demanding $$ for safe passage of US fleet. He advised the military be deployed & with this experience they won their first war off US soul. The Marines hymn... For the halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli refers to this victory. The war against Omar Gaddafi sometimes called 3rd Barbary War- Northern Africa.

USS Enterprise in the Mediterranean, Barbary Wars by Patrick O'Brien. A U.S. Navy topsail-schooner built in Baltimore in 1799. She carried 12 guns. She is shown here in 1801 during her service in the First Barbary War.