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Ancient map of the Holy Land, featuring the Sea of Galilee. Contact us for your private tour guide in Israel.

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Qumran - where a cache of ancient biblical texts the Dead Sea Scroll were discovered in 1947

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Archeological sites of Israel (Nazareth). An entrance into an excavated cave used by Bar Kokhba,s rebels. Bar Kokhba revolt was part of the Jewish-Roman wars

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Judaea, Bar Kokhba Revolt, CE 132-135.

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Bar Kokhba revolt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bar Kokhba revolt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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History of the Jews in the Roman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Remains of Hurvat Itri village, destroyed during the Bar Kokhba revolt

The Bar Kokhba revolt (132–136 CE )was the third major rebellion by the Jews against the Roman Empire and last of the Jewish-Roman Wars. Simon bar Kokhba, the commander of the revolt, was acclaimed as a Messiah, who could restore Israel. The revolt established an independent state of Israel for over two years, but the Romans finally crushed it. They then barred Jews from Jerusalem. Although Jewish Christians hailed Jesus as the Messiah, not supporting Bar Kokhba, they were barred as well.

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The Jewish sage Rabbi Akiva (alternatively Akiba) indulged the possibility that Simon Bar Kosiba (Bar Kokhba) could be the Jewish messiah, and gave him the surname "Bar Kokhba" meaning "Son of a Star" in the Aramaic language, from the Star Prophecy verse from Numbers 24:17: "There shall come a star out of Jacob".Simon Bar Kokhba took the title Nasi Israel and ruled over a ministate that was virtually independent for two and a half years. The era of the redemption of Israel was announced…