The early history of Babylon is shrouded in mystery. First mentioned in the Bible is the record of Genesis 10:8-10 which names Nimrod, the grandson of Ham, as the founder of the city in the dim prehistoric past. Its name was derived from a later experience revealed in Genesis 11 where the inhabitants of the land of Shinar, the southern portion of Mesopotamia... The Rise And Fall Of Babylon https://whatshotn.wordpress.com/2014/08/17/the-rise-and-fall-of-babylon/
A Pim as mentioned in 1 Samuel 13:21 was a medium of exchange in Israel before the shekel and before the babylonian captivity. What was a pim? The answer to that question remained a mystery until 1907 when the first pim weight stone was excavated at the ancient city of Gezer
Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire, but is best remembered for his 1760BC creation of the first known written set of laws in history. This codex was written on a basalt stele standing nearly 2 meters tall, top by a relief depicting Hammurabi raising his hand to his mouth in respect to the Babylonian God, who is likely to have been Marduk
The Babylonian Chronicles (747–247 BC) are many series of tablets recording major events in Babylonian history. They record the dealing of Nebuchadnezzar's siege of Jerusalem and the captivity of Israel to Babylon. As written in the Bible in the Book of Kings, Book of Jeremiah and Lamentations. Almost all of the tablets are currently in the possession of the British Museum.
The Babylonian Chronicles - make it possible to assign the fall of Jerusalem to the Second of Adar (March 16) in 597 B.C. with complete accuracy, confirming the Biblical accounts of Babylonian attacks on Jerusalem in 597 and 586 B.C. The Babylonian Chronicle records (partial here, see website for full account): "... (Nebuchadnezzar-599BC.) ... king of Babylon ... his army, ... invaded the land of Hatti (Syria/Palestine) ... seige Judah ... took the king prisoner ... sent to Babylon." (Bible…