Three historic railways comprise a World Heritage site recognizing their importance in trade and technological development. Still in use today, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Kalka Shimla Railway were all begun or completed in the 19th century.
The Silk Route and Central Asia by Train. The most usual route from Europe to China is via the classic Trans-Siberian Railway, shown in blue on the map below. But there is another route now open to foreigners, the so-called 'Silk Route' via Kazakhstan, shown on the map in yellow. You can also use trains to reach Central Asia from Europe and Moscow. This page will explain routes, train times, costs and how to buy tickets.