The Arctic tundra supports a variety of animal species, including Arctic foxes, polar bears, gray wolves, caribou, snow geese and musk-oxen. Until recently, the tundra acted as a carbon sink and captured huge amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as part of photosynthesis. Today, however, as the permafrost melts and dead plant material decomposes and releases CO2, the tundra has flipped from a carbon sink to a carbon contributor.
Canada’s fjord-slashed coastlines, arctic tundras, snow-capped mountains and prairie expanses may get all the glory, but its urban skyline is equally worth shouting about. Here’s 10 of our favourite vistas in Canada’s coolest metropolises