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Oct 9 - ON THIS DAY in 1975, Andrei Sakharov, the Soviet physicist who helped build the USSR's first hydrogen bomb, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of his struggle against "the abuse of power and violations of human dignity in all its forms."

1989 Photo-Andrei Sakharov....... (1921-1989) Nuclear Physicist, Marxist Dissident, Human Rights Activist

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Andrei Sakharov and Elena Bonner. Prominent leaders of the Soviet human rights movement. Courtesy of the International Memorial Society.

Andrei Sakharov with a group of Soviet dissidents, Sakharov is the first from right, the first from the left is Naum Meiman from Moscow Helsinki Group