Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégasiii[›] from the Greek αλέξω alexo "to defend, help" + ανήρ aner "man"), was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas.
Hellenistic Gold Oak Wreath, c. 4th-3rd Century BC. A Greek Hellenistic diadem wreath comprising numerous projecting sprays of sheet-gold oak leaves in two sizes with serrated edges and veins. The most famous of such wreaths is the example from Vergina in the tomb of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great. The oak leaves may symbolize the power of Zeus, who was often represented by the oak tree. This is a finely detailed example of the type executed with great skill.
Alexander The Great was known as one of the most important and successful leaders of all time. His reign started in Macedon and stretched all the way to the Himalayas. He was also a very powerful military leader, and never lost a battle.
Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great - tiny ivory portrait found in his tomb, in Vergina, northern Greece Philip II of Macedon Father of Alexander the Great. Lived from 382-336 BC. He was the king of the Greek kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC.