Alan Turing, British mathematician (1912-1954), altered the course of the 20th C. His 1936 paper laid the foundation of computer science, providing the first formal concept of a computer algorithm. In WWII he designed the machines that cracked German military codes. In the late 1940's he turned his attention to artificial intelligence and proposed a challenge, now called the Turing test, still important today. His contribution to mathematical biology was no less profound.
The legendary World War II-era codebreaker who was convicted of "gross indecency" after engaging in a same-sex relationship may finally receive a posthumous pardon from the British government. Officials have indicated they would support...
It is hard to overstate the importance of Alan Turing, the British mathematician who died in 1954. He was a hero in science, for one. Turing invented the concepts that underlie modern computers and artificial intelligence. And he was a hero in war: He was a vital part of the British cryptographic team at Bletchley Park that cracked the German Enigma code during World War II.
Alan Turing (1912 – 1954) - Turing is considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence. During the Second World War, he worked at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre. His work shortened the war in Europe by more than two years. Here seen in 1951.
Could you have been a codebreaker at Bletchley Park?
Joan Clarke Murray codebreaker at Bletchley Park during World War II, became deputy head of Hut 8 in 1944. Code breaking was almost exclusively done by men during the war. Clarke was paid less than the men and felt that she was prevented from progressing further because of her gender. She was a English cryptanalyst and numismatist ~