Slave ports in West Africa in 1750 are shown, identifying those held by the British, French, Dutch, Portuguese, and Danish. Gorée Island, the slave trading port opposite Dakar, Senegal, is only three kilometers from the coast and cannot be seen on this map. In addition to these ports were slave trading locations on the east side of Africa, at Mozambique, Zanzibar, and Madagascar.
Jamaican Maroons. Maroons in New Nanny Town, Jamaica: The word Maroon describes people who escaped slavery by seeking refuge in the mountains; it comes from the Spanish word cimarrón meaning people who live on mountain tops. The Maroons successfully escaped their plantations and formed independent militas/communities of free people. In some instances, the Maroon were so feared that some colonizers were forced to sue for peace.
Power, Ploy, and Majesty: Nzinga, Angolan Warrior Queen
Nzingha a Mbande (1583 – 1663). Queen of the Ndongo and Matamba kingdoms of the Mbundu people in southwestern Africa (modern-day Angola). Has been called has been called the “greatest military strategist that ever confronted the armed forces of Portugal.” Kept the Portuguese in Africa at bay for more than four decades.
The First Maroon War In 1739, the Jamaican Maroons were the first enslaved Africans to win their freedom from European slave masters. During the First Maroon War, they fought and escaped slavery and established free communities in the mountainous interior of the island. For 76 years, there were periodic skirmishes between the British and the […]