Nina Mae McKinney (June 13, 1912 - May 3, 1967) was an American actress. Dubbed "The Black Garbo" when she worked in Europe, she was one of the first African-American film stars and was one of the first African-Americans to appear on British television.
Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.
On This Day 1904: Mary McLeod Bethune opens her first school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida. The school eventually became Bethune-Cookman University and Bethune went on to become an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Dr. Barbara Ross-Lee, sister of Diana Ross of The Supremes, became the first African American to be appointed dean of a predominantly white medical school in the United States. In 1993, Ross-Lee became the first African American woman dean of a United States medical school. She remained dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine of Ohio University until 2001.