NTK Enlightenment part 2: The Age of Enlightenment refers to the 18th century in European philosophy, and is often thought of as part of a larger period which includes the Age of Reason. The term also more specifically refers to a historical intellectual movement, "The Enlightenment." This movement advocated rationality as a means to establish an authoritative system of ethics, aesthetics, and knowledge.
Thesis 3: Europe reached a time of great prosperity in the 18 century. Many industrious and successful merchants, traders, craftsmen and professionals found they had the time and money now to visit opera houses, music clubs or, in London, one of the pleasure-gardens such as Vauxhall or Ranelagh to hear the latest concertos and songs. With this, England become the vibrant musical centre of Europe to which, not surprisingly, a great wave of continental musicians emerged to seek fame and…
Thesis Enlightenment and art- During the time of Enlightenment people started to believe in Deism(Deism was the belief in a creator who does not intervene in the universe). Before the Enlightenment art was strictly religious and very serious. Like a painting of Adam and Eve. Art changed during the Enlightenment because now it was very graceful and charming. Art could also be anything like a picnic or women and men dancing.
Thesis 2: 18th Century European music was known for their world-class orchestras and operas. They were renowned for producing amazing pieces in genres such as Baroque and classical. Classical especially because it caused the musical center of Europe to shift into the Austrian Empire.
Haydn and Mozart were innovators who wrote classical music. The fame they acquired caused the musical center of Europe to shift to the Austrian Empire. Haydn spent most of his life as a musical director for wealthy Hungarian princes, but much more enjoyed doing public concerts. Mozart was a child prodigy. He gave his 1st harpsichord concert at age 6 and wrote his 1st opera at just 12. He was a very passionate Music writer and wrote some of the world's greatest operas.
NTK Enlightenment- This painting is of Denis Diderot, a French philosopher and writer. In Diderot's Encyclopedia he says "The good of the people must be the great purpose of government... And the greatest good of the people is liberty." Many philosophers at the time believed in religious toleration, freedom of speech and of the press and the rights to private property. Above all the philosophers believed that enlightened rulers must obey the laws and enforce them fairly for all subjects.
Baroque music the Baroque is the earliest period in European music whose music is still widely heard. Handel and Bach were two major artists in this genre. Handel was German who spent most of his days in England and is most highly recognized because of his religious pieces. Bach was a well known organist and the music director for the Church of Saint Thomas. His work gave him the reputation of one of the greatest composers of all time
NTK Art- During the early eighteenth century there was another extremely popular style of architecture called baroque. Baroque style stressed grandeur and power. Architects could combine different styles like traditional, classical, or any other style and use it on a large scale like Versailles or the Church of the Fourteen Saints.
NTK: 18th Century European Music. The two major types of music were Baroque (earlier type of music) and Classical. Baroque, a term originally applied to the art and architecture of the time, means overly elaborate or ornate. Baroque music was filled with musical flourishes either through improvisation or by composer’s design. Classical was much simpler and had more balanced melodies with symmetrical structures
NTK art- In the 1730's a new artistic style called, rococo, spread throughout Europe. In rococo style artists would use shades of gold and ivory. Rococo style was charming, gentle, and graceful. Rococo style was highly secular.